Science: Research and Reports

Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office on Smoking and Health, 2007. This is an evidence-based guide to help states plan and establish effective tobacco control programs to prevent and reduce tobacco use. Best Practices describes an integrated programmatic structure for implementing interventions proven to be effective, and includes tobacco control program funding models for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

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Economics of Tobacco Control
The World Bank Group. This site is for researchers, policymakers, advocates and others, as they choose and implement effective tobacco control measures. It includes background papers about tobacco control in developing countries; PowerPoint presentations on tobacco and policies to reduce its harm; common myths and facts about tobacco control; tools that explain how to analyze tobacco demand, employment, taxation and other issues; and effective interventions to reduce tobacco use.

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Ending the Tobacco Problem: A Blueprint for the Nation
Institute of Medicine, 2007. This report reviews effective prevention and treatment interventions, as well as a set of new tobacco control policies for adoption by federal and state governments. The report also identifies the benefits to society when effective tobacco control interventions and policies are fully implemented. Among other suggestions, the IOM recommends increasing excise taxes, implementing smoking bans in all nonresidential indoor settings, restricting tobacco marketing, and granting the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the authority to regulate the production and sale of tobacco products.

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Environmental and Biological Assessment of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure Among Casino Dealers
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2009. This report is based on a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) evaluation of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure at casinos in Las Vegas, Nevada. NIOSH investigators measured exposures and surveyed employees about health symptoms. They found evidence of workplace exposure to a tobacco-specific carcinogen among non-poker casino dealers. Based on the known link between ETS and health effects, NIOSH investigators recommend establishing casino-wide no smoking policies and developing smoking cessation programs for casino employees.

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FDA Center for Tobacco Products
The Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Tobacco Products (FDA CTP) oversees the implementation of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. This website contains information about the FDA CTP, as well as regulatory information for consumers, the tobacco industry, and health professionals.

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Global Tobacco Research Network
The Global Tobacco Research Network’s purpose is to enhance tobacco control research by promoting collaboration and partnerships, providing information, facilitating training, and sharing research tools. GTRN offers its members a range of services, including searchable databases of researchers and research organizations involved in the conduct and financial support of tobacco research throughout the world, an interactive database of international tobacco control literature from over 30 countries, and a growing repository of tobacco control research tools.

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IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans
World Health Organization (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer. To develop each monograph, scientific experts review published studies and evaluate the weight of the evidence that certain substances can increase the risk of cancer. New monographs are published regularly, and several of the monographs relate to tobacco products.

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NIH State-of-the-Science Conference Statement - Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation, and Control
National Institutes of Health, 2006. The 2006 NIH conference Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation, and Control brought together leading researchers, health educators, administrators, and members of the medical community to assess current research and determine directions for research on tobacco use and control. Input from these attendees was used to develop a consensus statement to be used for advancing understanding of the issue, informing health professionals and public decision-making, and guiding future research. The final consensus statement, program materials, and a webcast of the conference are available on the NIH website.

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Reports of the Surgeon General, U.S. Public Health Service
Surgeon General of the Public Health Service. Since the first ground-breaking report on smoking and health in 1964, reports of the Surgeon General have focused the nation's attention on important public health issues. Over the years, reports on the adverse health consequences of smoking have spurred nationwide efforts to prevent tobacco use.

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Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Cardiovascular Effects: Making Sense of the Evidence
Institute of Medicine, 2009. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention commissioned this independent report as a synthesis of the growing body of research on the effects of secondhand smoke on cardiovascular health. The report concludes that exposure to secondhand smoke could cause acute coronary events, such as a heart attack; brief secondhand smoke exposure may trigger a heart attack; and smoke-free policies decrease acute coronary events. Click here to access the report. Click here to view a summary of the report and related materials from the CDC.

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State Tobacco Control Highlights
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office on Smoking and Health (CDC-OSH). This report provides tobacco control programs and decisionmakers with state-specific data regarding proven, high-impact tobacco prevention strategies. The report evaluates states’ progress in increasing tobacco price, implementing smokefree policies, reducing tobacco advertising and promotion, controlling access to tobacco products, and assisting tobacco users in quitting.

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The Tobacco Atlas
World Lung Foundation, American Cancer Society. The annually updated Tobacco Atlas is a comprehensive and interactive resource that plainly displays the consequences of tobacco use on global health and economics. The Tobacco Atlas website allows users to interact with the data to create custom maps, charts, and graphs. The Tobacco Atlas is available in both English and Spanish.

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Tobacco Control Monograph Series
National Cancer Institute. This series of monographs, established in 1991, is an ongoing source of information about emerging public health issues in smoking and tobacco use control. All the monographs may be viewed online, and many can be ordered from the National Cancer Institute. New monographs are published regularly.

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See also: Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, National Cancer Institute, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

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Last updated 1/18/13